Top-30 Events Of The Year 2019 That Changed The World Most Important Currnt Affairs 2019
There have been many important events of the year 2019, which is very important to remember from the point of view of current affairs. In this Article, gs mastermind.com is providing you brief and necessary information about 30 selected events of the whole year. All these events are very important for the preparation of various examinations.
IFFI 20l9: Superstar Rajinikanth ‘ icon of Golden Jubilee ‘ awarded
Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan presented the ‘Icon of Golden Jubilee’ award to Rajinikanth. Noted French actress Izabel Huppert has been awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award. He is one of the most famous and popular French actors of his generation.
This award has been given to Rajinikanth for his unprecedented contribution to cinema. Rajinikanth is one of the most acclaimed actors and his contribution to Indian cinema in four decades is unmatched. He is popular not only in the South Film Industry but also in Bollywood.
23 writers, including politician and writer Shashi Tharoor and playwright Nand Kishore Acharya, have been selected for the Sahitya Akademi Award 2019. Congress leader Shashi Tharoor was awarded for his English book ‘An Ira of Darkness’. At the same time, this award has been given to Nand Kishore Acharya for his Hindi poem ‘Peelte Apne Ko’.
The Sahitya Akademi Award is a literary honor in India. This award is given annually by the Sahitya Academy. This academy annually awards the best literary work published in each of the major languages recognized by India.
3. Sea level in India increased by 8.5 cm in last 50 years: Minister of Environment and Climate Change
It is believed that the sea level on the Indian coast rises by an average of 1.70 mm every year. Thus, in the last 50 years, the sea level on the Indian coast has risen 8.5 cm. Babul Supriyo is an MP from Asansol in the Union Council of Ministers and Minister of State for Environment and Climate Change. India contributes only 6-7 percent of the global emissions but India is one of the most sensitive or sensitive countries.
The rise in seawater level may increase the risk of submergence of low-lying areas during tsunami, storm, coastal flooding and erosion of the coastline. Due to the rise in the level of seawater, there is an urgent need to evaluate the issue of coastal areas. A report released by the United Nations Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change describes the risks of sea-level rise.
4. Prime Minister Modi launched Atal Ground Water Scheme, know everything about it
Groundwater management will be done through this scheme and work will be done on the plan to provide clean drinking water to every household. According to Union Minister Prakash Javadekar, the Atal Ground Water Scheme has been brought to deal with the groundwater problem. The Central Government has allocated 6000 crores for this scheme.
This scheme has been started with the aim of increasing the groundwater level in those areas where it has gone down considerably. The main objective of the scheme is to increase the level of groundwater. With this scheme, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Gujarat will help a lot in lifting the groundwater of these seven states.
5. The Reserve Bank of India declared IDBI as a private bank
The Reserve Bank of India has placed IDBI Bank in the category of private sector banks for regulatory purposes. The bank has been placed in the private category after LIC acquired 51 percent of the paid-up share capital in IDBI Bank. IDBI Bank has been placed under the immediate corrective action framework of RBI.
The Reserve Bank, together with its new shareholder LIC, has formulated a revival strategy to bring the bank and insurance under one roof. With this acquisition, LIC has now become a majority shareholder in IDBI Bank. The Finance Minister had announced in his budget speech of 2016 that the process of change has started in IDBI Bank.
6. The merger of Dena Bank, Vijaya Bank and Bank of Baroda took effect
In the information released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), it has been said that consumers of Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank will be treated as consumers of Bank of Baroda from 01 April 2019. It may be noted that the Central Government had recently decided to give Rs 5,042 crore to Bank of Baroda to meet the additional expenditure.
After the merger, the combined body will be worth Rs 14.82 lakh crore. As a result, it will be the third-largest bank in the country after the State Bank of India and ICICI Bank. The shareholders of Dena Bank will be given 110 shares of Bank of Baroda for every one thousand of their shares.
7. Global Hunger Index 2019: received 102 ranked India, go whence Pakistan
India’s ranking is the worst among Asian countries in the Global Hunger Index. This report is prepared on the basis of the proportion of undernourished children in a country, children under five years of age whose weight or length is less by age and the death rate among children below five years of age.
In this report, Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Cuba, and Kuwait are at the top. Even the GHI ranks of countries like Rwanda and Ethiopia have improved well. India’s ranking in the Global Hunger Index has steadily declined since 2014. India was ranked 55 in 2014.
8. Central Government launched National Broadband Mission, broadband in all villages by 2022
The central government will invest seven lakh crore rupees in the coming years under this mission. Under this mission, broadband access will be made available on a universal and equal basis across the country, especially in rural and remote areas. Union Minister for Communications Ravi Shankar Prasad inaugurated this mission.
Under this mission, an additional 30 million km of optical fiber cable route will be laid. Also, by the year 2024, the density of the tower will also be increased from 0.42 to one tower per thousand population. Through this mission, the technology framework will be strengthened in the fields of education, health, entrepreneurship, and development.
9. America announced to exclude India from GSP list
The US has taken this step, accusing India of not doing proper business cooperation. The announcement comes after reports that President Donald Trump has written to the US Parliament and made him aware of his move.
US President Donald Trump says that he has taken this decision because he has not received the assurance from India that he will give an equal discount to American products in his market. He says that due to restrictions in India, he is suffering business losses.
L0knijam fund case: UK court ruled in favor of India, with the wealth of the Nizam dismissed claims Pakistan
The British court ruled that this sum is the right of the heirs of India and the Nizam. The court rejected Pakistan’s claims and termed it an abuse of procedure. This decision was rendered by Justice Marcus Smith.
The UK court has completely rejected Pakistan’s claim. The main purpose of this fund was as a payment to Pakistan for arms shipments. London Court Justice Marcus Smith said in his judgment that the seventh Nizam of Hyderabad, Usman Ali Khan, was the owner of this amount.
11. The President of Brazil made a big announcement, Indians will not have to take a visa to go to Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro, who took charge of Brazil, abolished visa requirements for many developed countries as soon as he came into government earlier this year. But this facility for citizens of India and China was announced during the official visit of the Brazilian President to China.
Indian tourists do not need a visa to visit Fiji. Mauritius also grants visa-free entry to Indian passport holders and is valid for 90 days. Indian tourists do not even need a visa to visit Indonesia. Indians can roam here for 30 days without a visa.
12. India and Saudi Arabia set up the High-Level Strategic Partnership Council
Prime Minister Narendra Modi is on a two-day tour of the Gulf Empire to join the much-talked-about Future Investment Initiative (FII). He met Saudi King Salman bin Abdul Aziz and the two leaders shared views on strengthening bilateral relations.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, during a conversation with the top leadership of Saudi Arabia, discussed increasing cooperation on agriculture, oil, and gas, maritime security, new technology, renewable energy, trade, and investment. During this time an agreement was also reached on the coordination between the e-migration system of the two countries.
13. What is the RCEP agreement, which separated India?
Prime Minister Narendra Modi decided not to join the ‘Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership’ (RCEP), the world’s largest free trade agreement in Bangkok. The RCEP summit was attended by many world leaders. Prime Minister Modi said in his speech that India adheres to greater regional integration, free trade, and the rules-based international system.
RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership) is a trade agreement. It allows member countries to trade with each other. Concerns about RCEP were being raised in India for a very long time. The decision to pull out of India’s Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement will help the farmers, micro, small and medium enterprises and the dairy sector in the country.
14. Chandrayaan-2: contact with Vikram Lander broken, know the full story from launching till now
Mission Chandrayaan-2 lost contact with the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) before lander ‘Vikram’ landed on the moon’s surface. According to ISRO, the process of ‘soft landing’ on the moon of the lander started at 1:37 pm. But contact broke up at around 2.1 km. Vikram Lander was to land on the lunar surface between 1:30 pm and 2:30 pm.
The South Pole of the Moon was chosen by ISRO for Chandrayaan-2 where Vikram Lander’s soft landing was to be done. Everything was going right but shortly before reaching the surface, contact with the lander was lost. India is the first country to send a vehicle to the South Pole of the Moon. Most missions to the moon have so far landed around its equator.
15. ISRO re-created history, launched RISAT-2BR1 satellite
This satellite is very important for the security of Indian borders. For this reason, it is also being called India’s intelligence satellite. The strength of India’s surveillance will increase more than ever in space. ISRO said that the life of the RISAT-2 BR1 mission is five years. ISRO has simultaneously sent ten satellites to the sky through PSLV.
Apart from the armies of this country, this satellite will also assist the agriculture, forest and disaster management departments. This satellite will send pictures of a radius of about 100 kilometers. It has been specially designed to prevent infiltration from across the border. This satellite will work even in the dark night and bad weather.
India to set up its space station in space by 16.2030: ISRO
India will be the fourth nation after America, Russia, and China to have its own station in space. According to the information released by ISRO, it will be developed without the involvement of any other country. According to the announcement made by ISRO, this space station will have a capacity of about 20 tons.
When ISRO acquires the ability to send humans to space, the next step will be to research from there and hence it is necessary to develop a space station. In addition, ISRO announced that by 2022, Gaganyaan will be sent to space to send humans to space.
17. Nasa recorded earthquake on Mars for the first time
According to NASA, there are probably seismic signals from within the planet and this is the first time. Earlier seismic signals were found due to factors like the air above the surface. Scientists are still examining the data to find out the exact cause of the signal. Scientists have named this vibration ‘Marsquake’.
Insight was the 128th day on Mars on 6 April 2019. Explain that scientists on Mars are doing research on human settlement. Insight landed on Mars on 26 November 2018. This robot is specially designed to study Mars. It is equipped with many devices to take measurements of the planet’s temperature, rotation, and seismic activity.
18. The world’s largest aircraft flew for the first time, know its specialty
This aircraft is designed to carry rockets into space and leave it there. The world’s largest aircraft, called the Stratolonch, took off for the first time and thus became the first giant aircraft to carry rockets into space. This aircraft has been built by a company called Stratolonch.
This aircraft has 28 wheels. This aircraft is made of carbon fiber. The aircraft can fly with a weight of up to 1.3 million pounds. The aircraft has a maximum fuel capacity of 1.3 million pounds. This aircraft will help rockets and satellites to reach their orbit in space.
19. India released the first indigenously manufactured semiconductor chip
The release of this chip is being described as very important for India. Currently, only 8 companies and few countries can manufacture semiconductor chips, and in such a situation, the release of indigenously manufactured chips is truly Make in India for the world.
India is one of the most used mobile phone countries in the world with over 1.1 billion mobile phone users. In such a situation, Signalchip has created high performance and economical systems that enable condensation or densification of the network.
20. Scientists create ‘ first ‘ robot to run without using GPS
This robot determines the direction and distance traveled with the help of optical movement sensors through an optical compass. As a scientist, it is inspired by the navigational ability of desert ants. According to scientists, this robot can detect its environment and can walk without GPS or map.
GPS is a global navigational satellite system. It has been developed by the United States Department of Defense. The system started functioning fully from 27 April 1995. In present times GPS is being used on a large scale. The robot is a virtual or mechanical artificial agent.
21. Supreme Court refuses to ban the citizenship law, know what the court said
The Supreme Court has categorically refused to ban the law during the hearing of petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the Citizenship Amendment Act. However, the Supreme Court has issued a notice to the Central Government and sought an answer. The matter will now be heard on 22 January 2020.
The Supreme Court has issued a notice to the Central Government on 59 petitions challenging the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019. In most of the petitions filed by the petitioners in the Supreme Court, the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill brought by the Central Government has been declared unconstitutional. President Ram Nath Kovind approved the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019 on 12 December 2019.
22. Central Government’s big decision, women help desk will be in every police station
The Union Home Ministry has sanctioned 100 crore rupees from the ‘Nirbhaya Fund’ for the establishment and strengthening of women’s help desks in police stations. This scheme will be implemented in all states and union territories. Women help desks are being set up to make all police stations across the country more convenient and women-friendly.
According to the plan, adequate training will be given to the policemen on how to treat the women coming to the police station with their pain. This decision has been taken by the Central Government in view of increasing crimes against women across the country. The help desk will be operated by women police officers.
23.Haj 2020: India becomes the first country in the world to make Haj process completely digital
According to the Union Minister for Minority Affairs, Indians visiting Haj were linked with ‘e luggage pre tagging’, providing online applications, e-visas, Haj mobile app, e-messiah health facility, stay in Mecca Medina and all traffic-related information. is. This is the first time digital pre-tagging has been arranged by airlines so that Haj pilgrims will get all kinds of information in India itself.
The Government of India has made arrangements to provide health cards to all the passengers in India, while in Saudi Arabia they will be given ‘E Messiah health facility’. In this system, information related to the health of each Haj pilgrim will be made available online. They will also be provided with immediate medical help in case of an emergency. It is estimated that in the year 2020, about 2 lakh Indian Muslims will go on the Haj pilgrimage without any Haj subsidy.
24. Ayodhya dispute: What is the evidence of ASI, which the Supreme Court made the basis of the verdict?
A five-judge constitutional bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi unanimously stated that there is no firm evidence about the demolition of the temple and the construction of a mosque. A bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi ruled that the disputed land has been given to the Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas.
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) excavated the disputed site for investigation on the instructions of the Allahabad High Court. The remains of the ASI date back to the 13th century BC. They contain remnants of the Kushans of history, from the Sunga period to the Gupta and early Middle Ages. The disputed structure (mosque) was built in the 16th century on top of the ruins of this building.
25. The new map of India released, two areas of PoK included
The two new union territories of India duly came into existence on 31 October 2019. After this, a map of both the new union territories has been released on 02 November 2019. According to the new map, Mirpur and Muzaffarabad districts of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) have been described as part of Jammu and Kashmir.
This map has been prepared by the Survey General of India showing the new union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. Additionally, Kupwara, Bandipora, Baramulla, Poonch, Budgam, Shopian, Kulgam, Kishtwar, Udhampur, Doda, Samba, Jammu, Kathua, Ramban, Rajouri, Anantnag, Pulwama, Srinagar, Reasi, and Ganderbal districts will be a part of Jammu and Kashmir.
26. Tejas Express: Chief Minister Adityanath flagged off the country’s first private train to Tejas, knowing everything about it
It is the first private train in the country. It will be fully operated by IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation). Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath lit the lamp before flagging off the Tejas Express and launched the program. The Chief Minister also inspected the train.
The employees have been given the training to treat passengers with respect for operating IRCTC Tejas Express. IRCTC employees were insisted on answering each question of the passengers with a smile. Tejas Express is a medium speed train with modern facilities. Its maximum speed is 160 kilometers.
27.Single-use plastic ban: What is single-use plastic and why is it being banned?
Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan had called a meeting of officials of the concerned ministries and manufacturers to consider measures to ban plastic bottles of drinking water. He said that plastic plays the highest role in causing maximum damage to the environment. Apart from this, it is proving very dangerous for the health of humans and cattle.
Single-use plastic is a plastic that we use only once. One-use plastic is called single-use plastic. We also call it disposable plastic. However, it can be recycled. We use it in our everyday work.
28. President approves ‘ triple talaq ‘ bill, now those who commit crimes will get severe punishment
With the President’s signature on this bill, the Muslim Women (Protection of Marriage Rights) Bill has now become law. With this approval, the ‘triple talaq’ law has come into existence. The ‘triple talaq’ bill has already been passed in both houses of parliament. The proposal to send the triple talaq bill to the ‘Select Committee’ fell after voting in the Rajya Sabha.
According to the bill, giving three divorces at one time is a crime. So the police can arrest the accused husband who gave three divorces without a warrant. The cost of maintenance of wife and child will be decided by the magistrate, who will have to pay to the husband, for granting triple talaq. Under this bill, the mother will be monitored and looked after by young children.
29. Nirmala Sitharaman became the first woman ‘ Finance Minister ‘ of the country, know how history was created
Nirmala Sitharaman is one of those women leaders who have reached the pinnacle of politics in a very short time. Nirmala Sitharaman, who was the first defense minister of the country, has created history once again. Nirmala Sitharaman flew in Sukhoi-30 fighter aircraft on 17 January 2018. Nirmala Sitharaman was the first woman defense minister to fly in a fighter plane.
Nirmala Sitharaman was born on 18 August 1959 in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. His father Narayan Sitharaman was working in the Indian Railways. Nirmala Sitharaman became the first Defense Minister of India on 03 September 2017. Nirmala Sitharaman has also been a member of the National Commission for Women from the year 2003 to 2005.
30. Ayodhya dispute: Ayodhya land disputed to Ram Lala, Muslim side land in Ayodhya in second place: Supreme court
The Supreme Court has ordered land to be given to the Muslim side ie Sunni Waqf Board in Ayodhya itself. The Supreme Court has said in its decision that the Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas has the right to the disputed land. The court also said that five acres of land in Ayodhya will be given to the Muslim side somewhere else.
Supreme Court Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi started reading the verdict on the Ayodhya dispute on 09 November 2019 at 10:30 am. The Supreme Court has said in its decision that the Muslim side should be given alternative land. That is, the Supreme Court has ordered land to be given to Muslims elsewhere.